More fraudulent papers in high Impact-Factor publications
This study reports evidence consistent with the ‘deliberate fraud’ hypothesis. The results suggest that papers retracted because of data fabrication or falsification represent a calculated effort to deceive. It is inferred that such behaviour is neither naıive, feckless nor inadvertent
Authors of fraudulent retracted papers appear to target journals with a high Impact Factor.
The results of this study show unequivocally that scientists in the USA are responsible for more retracted papers than any other country.These results suggest that American scientists are significantly more prone to engage in data fabrication or falsification than scientists from other countries.
The idea that certain authors may be deliberately trying to deceive should make journal editors and general readers profoundly cautious.
Grant Steen. Retractions in the scientific literature: do authors deliberately commit research fraud? J Med Ethics 2011;37:113-117. http://jme.bmj.com/content/37/2/113.abstract